Glossary: Mostlyabreviations and acronyms:
Ask the Deacon                                        


W3C: World Wide Web Consortium

WAFL: Write Anywhere File Layout; A file systemdeveloped by Network Appliance, Inc. that: (1) the file system should operateefficiently with RAID, (2) the file system should beable to grow dynamically as new disks are added, and (3) the file systemshould not require any time consuming consistency checks.

WAIS: Wide Area Information Service; A non-commercialsoftware package that allows the indexing of huge quantities of information,and then making those indices searchable across networks such as the Internet.A prominent feature of WAIS is that the search results are ranked (scored)according to how relevant the hits are, and that subsequent searches canfind more stuff like that last batch and thus refine the search process.

WAN: Wide Area Network

WAVE: Wide Area Voice Exchange, (Audio Protocol)

WB: Wideband

WCS: Wireless Communications Services. Includes two blocks of spectrum auctioned off in May of 1997.  Thesefrequencies can be distributed in blocks of 5 or 10 MHz, between 2305-2320and 2345-2360 MHz

WD: Working Draft, (ISO/IEC)

WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplexing; essentiallyfrequency-division multiplexing at optical carrier-wave frequencies, inwhich parallel data streams modulating light at different wavelengths (colors)are coupled simultaneously into the same fiber.

White Book: A standard specificationdeveloped by Philips and JVC in 1993 for storing MPEGstandard video on CDs. An extension of the Red Book standardfor digital audio, Yellow Book standard for CD-ROM,Green Book standard for CD-i, and Orange Book standardfor CD Write Once Read Many, (WORM).

White Noise: A noise whose power spectrumis flat.

WHV: Warner Home Video

Wiener Filter:A filter whose fequency response is based on the signal-to-noise ratioof the received signal for the optimal detection of data symbols.

WINS: Windows Internet Name Server, (Microsoft)

WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization

WLL: Wireless Local Loop

word: A fundamental unit of storage in a computer,often the size used to represent an integer. The size of a word in a particularcomputer architecture is one of its chief distinguishing characteristics.

The size of a word is usually the same as the width of the computer'sdata bus so it is possible to read or write a wordin a single operation. An instruction is usually one or more words longand a word can be used to hold a whole number of characters. These days,this nearly always means a whole number of bytes (eightbits), most often 32 bits.

WORM: Write Once Read Many

WRAM: Windows RAM ; isa form of display memory that offers nearly the performance of VRAM,...well maybe!

WWW: World Wide Web; First, loosely used: thewhole constellation of resources that can be accessed using Gopher, FTP,HTTP, telnet, USENET, WAIS andsome other tools. Second, the universe of hypertext servers (HTTP servers)which are the servers that allow text, graphics, sound files, etc. to bemixed together.

WWWW: World Wide Web Worm

Last Update:12/13/03
Prototype InfoBase Technology